Round 2: Lesson 8

Opportunity for All! May 11, 2021

Lesson Eight – Throwing overhand

Fundamental Skill: Throwing overhand

We are now introducing throwing overhand. This motor skill is also part of developing some physical literacy. Learning to throw a ball overhand efficiently is difficult for many. We will start with using a throwing rope.

Using a tool that is from Athletics Canada’s program of “Run Jump Throw Wheel” is a great and effective method for introducing the motion needed. Start by having the child grasp the tube that is being used with the hand they are feel the strongest. Try both too see what is most effective and comfortable. The palm should be facing upwards, wrapping the fingers around the tube from underneath.

  1. Hold the rope above shoulder height at around the individuals head level and slightly to the side above the shoulder. Have their feet placed with the foot opposite the throwing hand forward and the foot on the throwing hand side set back.
  2. Begin by having them reach back with by sliding the tube back towards the end of the rope while still holding on to it and keeping the feet anchored.
  3. Have them “throw the tube along the rope”
  4. After a few efforts have them take a step forward as they throw to increase power or speed.

Teaching points:

  • Hold the tube in the middle not the end
  • Adjust the height to help with flexibility if needed
  • Have them point the hand not doing the throwing in the direction of the throw
  • Have them finish the throw with their hand all the way forward with the fingers pointing forward in the direction of the throw
  • Make sure the opposite hand rotates back as they throw
  • If manual gripping is difficult, use a tether tied to the tube
  • Create relays with siblings throwing it back
  • Keep hands off the rope when waiting for it to come back.
  • Use jingle bells or metal washers at the end to give the auditory feedback for the thrower
  • Great for wheelchair users or any one with a physical impairment as it is adjustable for height and length

Video Resources
Run Jump Throw promo
Video outlining key points of the motion

Shadow image of youth throwing large ball  Pictogram of youth throwing a ball

Adapted Equipment

Ball in a bag
When looking for a ball that makes a sound an inexpensive solution can be found by using a regular ball. Wrap the ball in a plasitic bag and tape it on to the ball. It should provide enough sound feedback to be used in smaller quieter spaces.
One way to make a ball useful to sight impaired individuals is to have it move slower. Partially deflating a ball or adding weight can do that!

Whiffle Ball
A whiffle ball can be used for many activities. Find any plastic ball that is baseball or softball sized and is hollow with air holes.Wiffle Ball - a hollow ball with airholes for throwing and other activities

Make a cut in between two of the holes. Push a couple of small jingle bells (available at dollar or craft stores) inside. Run a piece of duct tape around to help seal the hole. If appropriate, use a bright colour of tape or if the ball is a white colour use a strip of black tape. The tape will help reinforce the ball as well. This ball can be used in a variety of games. Even with some of the holes covered up it is still quite audible. Try different sizes of balls. Pet stores often have balls with bells in them that are soft and pliable as well.